Risk Factors for Diabetes

According to the CDC, “A person with certain risk factors is more likely to develop prediabetes and type 2 diabetes. These risk factors include: age, especially after 45 years of age; being overweight or obese; a family history of diabetes; having an African American, Hispanic/Latino, American Indian, Asian American, or Pacific Islander racial or ethnic background; a history of diabetes while pregnant (gestational diabetes) or having given birth to a baby weighing nine pounds or more; and being physically active less than three times a week.”

It is also important to note that research is ongoing into how other lifestyle factors increase the risk for type 2 diabetes. Stress can affect weight gain, as can sleep. Weight is a major factor because increased fat cells in the body literally change how your body  creates and uses insulin. When the body is under stress or not sleeping well, it elevates cortisol which keeps insulin from being created and utilized as well, and that is part of what leads to the weight gain. It’s a cycle that you must work to change, which part of the focus of the Wellness Jax program.

Lack of physical activity is the beginning of problems for the body. Physical activity doesn’t have to mean working out, but it does mean get moving! Muscle burns calories more efficiently than fat, so building some muscle can help with weight loss. It’s also important for your immune system and your heart.

The foods you choose are also about more than just your weight. Low fiber, high fat diets are hard on the body for digestion. While they are also indicated in obesity, they don’t supply your body what it needs to stay healthy. Poor diet choices increase your risk of hypertension and heart disease as well as some cancers. Be aware of not just the calories of what you eat, but how good the food actually is for you. Vitamins and minerals are necessary for your body to grow, heal and stay healthy.

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