Diabetes is a disease that affects the ability of the body to regulate blood glucose, often called blood sugar. Prediabetes is a diagnosis that the body is starting to show strain and not always doing a good job of regulating the glucose, but many times at this point of the disease it is reversible.
So what should your glucose levels be? There are levels for fasting, or the levels of blood glucose after 8-14 hours without eating or drinking anything other than water (such as first thing in the morning), and then there are levels for 2 hours after you have eaten.
Normal blood glucose levels:
- Fasting 70-99 mg/dl
- 2 hours after eating less than 140 mg/dl
Recommended blood glucose levels for diabetics:
- Fasting 80-130 mg/dl
- 2 hours after eating less than 180 mg/dl
HbA1c is a test that gives information about the long term glucose control. Sometimes it is called a hemoglobin A1c or simply A1C. Using this test, they are able to look back over the last 2-3 months and monitor how well your glucose was controlled.The goal for this test is around 5.7% for non-diabetics and the target for someone who has diabetes is 7% or less.
Keeping your blood glucose controlled is important for a number of reasons. Higher glucose levels can cause inflammation and cause significant side effects such as numbness and tingling in the legs, feet and hands and reduced blood flow to these same areas which can keep wounds from healing. Learning to help you body keep your blood glucose levels in the normal ranges can help protect you for years to come!